Are the Winegars Mayflower Descendants?

December 9, 2009

The Mayflower

In several of my earlier posts I have mentioned the research of my father, Donald Stephenson Winegar, who spent many of his retirement years doing genealogical research.  He labored in the years before computers and the internet, and, what today can be done almost instantly on the internet,  took him years.  In the case of Winegar Mayflower descendants, he was confident that we were descendants, but modern research leaves the issue very much in question.  In any case, what follows is a very interesting story, and it is very easy to find corroborating or refuting evidence on the internet for those who may be interested.

Deacon John Dunham (Denham) was born about 1589 in Scrobee, England.  He was among the group of Pilgrims who emigrated to Leiden, Holland.  He was married twice  and had children by both wives.  Dunham family records claim that he was wanted for treasonable activities in England, and, therefore, traveled to America on the Mayflower under the assumed name of John Goodman, a single man.  Goodman is reported to have died in the first winter and and, at some point, Dunham assumed his real name.  He was a prominent member of the Plymouth Colony and was appointed a Deacon in the church, a high honor in the Colony.

Most English settlers in the American Colonies kept excellent records, but the Plymouth Colony seems to be an exception.   Governor Bradford began writing the Plymouth Annals in 1630, ten years after the Mayflower arrived, and continued writing until 1641.  The first list of passengers did not appear until 1669, after the death of John Dunham.

Several experts report that the claim that Goodman and Dunham were the same man is completely unsupported and that Dunham probably arrived in the colony around 1632.  Those supporting the Goodman/Dunham claim of ancestry point out that there are problems if it is not true.  Goodman was granted a garden plot in 1623.  These plots were only granted to married men.  Dunham’s son John later received a special grant being one of the first born of the newcomers.  Deacon John’s daughter Abigail,  born in 1623, is reported to be the first child born in the new colony.  Dunham became a deacon in 1633, which would have been very unlikely for a newcomer. 

I do not intend to investigate this controversy.  For anyone interested in doing so, a Google search will provide abundant material.  Where do the Winegars fit in to this?  I believe that we are direct descendants of Deacon John Dunham.  Whether we are Mayflower descendants depends on answering the above question.  At any rate, we had ancestors that were in the Plymouth Colony very early in its existence.

The following traces our connection to John Dunham.

John Dunham/Susanna Kenny(John’s first wife)

Thomas Dunham/Sarah

Sarah Dunham/James Palmer

Sarah Palmer/Conrad Winans

William Winans/Sarah Hawley

Silas Winans/Elizabeth Howe

Elizabeth Winans/Ulrich Winegar   (This is Ulrich (5) born in 1783 the great-great-grandson of Ulrich (1) who brought the family to New York in 1710.

Ashbel Winegar/Mary Rease Roberts

Edwin Ashbel Winegar/Myrtie Stephenson

Donald Stephenson Winegar/ Mary Deone Daniells

Even if we are not direct descendents of the Mayflower, we do have another connection.  Ulrich Winegar (1) had a son Garrett.  Two of Garrett’s sons married sisters who were Mayflower descendants: Jacob Winegar/ Deliverence Doty and John Winegar/Elizabeth Doty.  According to Family Tree Maker, Elizabeth is the wife of my 4th grand-uncle.


The Daniells Sisters: the Senior Years

October 23, 2009
Today we conclude the group pictures of the five Daniells sisters with snapshots of their senior years.  The sisters remained close all their lives, helping one another, consoling one another, and loving one another.  Every gathering of the five was another opportunity for a group picture.
Betty, Eleanor, and Mary at the cottage.

Betty, Eleanor, and Mary at the cottage.

Dora, Mary, and Betty gaze up at an oil portrait of their Uncle Estee Daniells.

Dora, Mary, and Betty gaze up at an oil portrait of their Uncle Estee Daniells.

Eleanor and Betty contemplate fallen apples at the cottage.

Eleanor and Betty contemplate fallen apples at the cottage.

Jean, Dora, and Mary front row.  Betty and Eleanor back row.

Jean, Dora, and Mary front row. Betty and Eleanor back row.

Jean, Eleanor, Betty, Mary, and Dora.

Jean, Eleanor, Betty, Mary, and Dora.

The sisters gather for Dora and John Panchik's wedding.

The sisters gather for Dora and John Panchik's wedding.

Jean, Mary, Dora, Betty, and Eleanor.

Jean, Mary, Dora, Betty, and Eleanor.

Mary sings while Eleanor plays the piano, 1952.

Mary sings while Eleanor plays the piano, 1952.


The Daniells Sisters: Pictures of the Middle Years

October 21, 2009

We continue with pictures of the teen and young adult years of the Daniells sisters.

Betty, Mary, and Eleanor

Betty, Mary, and Eleanor

Left to right, Eleanor, Dora, Jean, Betty, and Mary

Left to right, Eleanor, Dora, Jean, Betty, and Mary

Left to right, Jean, Betty, Dora, Mary, and Eleanor

Left to right, Jean, Betty, Dora, Mary, and Eleanor

Daniells sisters, 1932

Daniells sisters, 1932

Jean and Eleanor in their band uniforms.

Jean and Eleanor in their band uniforms.

Mary and Betty, 1928

Mary and Betty, 1928

Jean, W.C., Mary, and Dora with Mary's twins Mary and Donna.

Jean, W.C., Mary, and Dora with Mary's twins Mary and Donna.

Front row left to right, Eleanor, W.C. and Jean.  Back row, Mary, Dora, and Betty.

Front row left to right, Eleanor, W.C. and Jean. Back row, Mary, Dora, and Betty.

Betty, Iva, Mary, Dora, Jean, and Eleanor with Mary's twins Donna and Mary.

Betty, Iva, Mary, Dora, Jean, and Eleanor with Mary's twins Donna and Mary.


The Daniells Sisters: Pictures of the Early Years

October 19, 2009

The five Daniells sisters enjoyed doing things together, and there were many opportunities for group pictures.  In previous posts, I have focused primarily on individual sisters.  Today, I will share group pictures.

Iva with Dora and baby Mary, 1911

Iva with Dora and baby Mary, 1911

Baby Mary and Dora with parents Iva and W.C. Daniells, 1911

Baby Mary and Dora with parents Iva and W.C. Daniells, 1911

Iva with Dora, Mary, and Betty, 1914

Iva with Dora, Mary, and Betty, 1914

Parents Iva and W.C. with Dora, Mary, and Betty, ca 1913

Parents Iva and W.C. with Dora, Mary, and Betty, ca 1913

Iva holds Eleanor while Dora, Mary, and Betty ride the horse.

Iva holds Eleanor while Dora, Mary, and Betty ride the horse.

Left to right, Mary, Betty, Eleanor, and Dora Daniells, 1917

Left to right, Mary, Betty, Eleanor, and Dora Daniells, 1917

Left to right, Iva with Jean, Dora, Eleanor, Mary, and Betty, ca 1921

Left to right, Iva with Jean, Dora, Eleanor, Mary, and Betty, ca 1921

Left to right, Mary, Betty, Eleanor, and Dora, ca 1918

Left to right, Mary, Betty, Eleanor, and Dora, ca 1918

A "band" of sisters: Dora, Mary, Betty, Eleanor, and Jean

A "band" of sisters: Dora, Mary, Betty, Eleanor, and Jean, ca 1929


Children of Will Carleton and Iva Bliss Daniells: Mary

October 7, 2009
Mary Deone Daniells Winegar

Mary Deone Daniells Winegar

My mother Mary Deone was born to Iva Bliss and Will Carleton Daniells on December 15, 1910, in Mercedes, Texas.  She was the only one of the five Daniells sisters who was not born in Wacousta.   

When she was about six months old, the Daniells family moved to Chicago and, about 18 months later, to Watertown Township near Wacousta.  Except for her third grade year, Mary and her sisters attended Watertown Center School until she completed eighth grade.  The family spent her third grade year in Tavares, Florida.  In 1923, the family moved to Eustis, Florida, where Mary graduated from high school.

Like her sister Dora, Mary attended Florida State College for Women, now Florida State University.  She completed three years of college there but was forced to drop out due to health problems.  She moved to Wacousta where her mother was living.  Mary completed her college education and received her degree in music education from Albion College in Michigan. 

Mary’s first teaching job was at the Everett School in Lansing where she taught first and second grade.  Then she taught for two years in Grand Ledge, Michigan, where she taught first and second grade music, Jr. High music, and ninth grade grammar and literature.
Mary Winegar reads her Bible at the cottage, 1986

Mary Winegar reads her Bible at the cottage, 1986

In 1938 Mary married Donald Stephenson Winegar at the Pivot in Wacousta.  The newly married couple honeymooned at the cottage built by Orla and Kate Bailey and which my wife and I now own. 

Mary and Donald had four children, Donna Lorraine, Mary Elaine, James Steven, and Carleton David.  After her marriage to Donald, Mary devoted her life to raising their children and assisting Donald while he completed his education and in his ministry.

Within a few years of Donald’s death in 1987, Mary moved into Bishops Glenn Retirement Home where she and her sister Eleanor had apartments on the same floor.  Mary died in 2003 at the age of 92 surrounded by loving family members.

More details on Mary’s life can be found in the July 26, 2009 post.

To see a Memorial for Mary Daniells Winegar, click the link.

Iva Daniells holds baby Mary

Iva Daniells holds baby Mary

Iva Daniells cares for baby Mary in Mercedes, Texas

Iva Daniells cares for baby Mary in Mercedes, Texas

Iva with Dora and baby Mary, 1911

Iva with Dora and baby Mary, 1911

Iva with 4-year-old Mary, Dora, and Betty, 1914

Iva with 4-year-old Mary, Dora, and Betty, 1914

Mary, 1933

Mary, 1933

Mary Daniells

Mary Daniells

Mary Daniells

Mary Daniells

 
The five Daniells sisters at Dora's wedding.  From left to right, Jean Lowell, Eleanor Daniells, Betty Daniells, Mary Winegar, John and Dora Panchik.

The five Daniells sisters at Dora's wedding. From left to right, Jean Lowell, Eleanor Daniells, Betty Daniells, Mary Winegar, John and Dora Panchik.

Mary Winegar on the porch at the cottage, 1992

Mary Winegar on the porch at the cottage, 1992


Children of Edwin Ashbel and Myrtie Winegar: Group Pictures

September 17, 2009

In the last several posts I have included individual pictures of the children of  E.A. and Myrtie Winegar.  Today, I finish this section with pictures of two or more of the children and their parents.  I can identify most of the people in the group pictures if anyone wants the information. 

Nina, Esther, and Donald Winegar

Nina, Esther, and Donald Winegar

One of the few pictures of the entire Edd Winegar family: left to right, Edd, Bill, Myrtie, Paul, Nina, Esther, and Donald.

One of the few pictures of the entire Edd Winegar family: left to right, Edd, Bill, Myrtie, Paul, Nina, Esther, and Donald.

From left to right, Uncle Henry, Paul, Edd, Myrtie, Bill, and Esther Winegar.

From left to right, Uncle Henry, Paul, Edd, Myrtie, Bill, and Esther Winegar.

Left to right, Paul, Esther, Myrtie, Bill, Don, and Edd Winegar.

Left to right, Paul, Esther, Myrtie, Bill, Don, and Edd Winegar.

Thanksgiving 1937 at the Winegar's.

Thanksgiving 1937 at the Winegar's.

A Winegar-Stephenson picnic, ca 1915

A Winegar-Stephenson picnic, ca 1915

The Winegar family, 1952

The Winegar family, 1952


Children of Edwin Ashbel and Myrtie Stephenson Winegar: William

September 12, 2009

William Edwin Ashbel Winegar was born in 1917 and died in 2001.  He married Ruth Elaine Palmer March 13, 1942 and had two daughters and two sons.  During World War II, Bill served as Lieutenant in the U.S. Army Air Corps and graduated from Advanced Flying School in 1943 and then served as a combat pilot.  He made the Army his career.

Bill and Ruth Winegar in 1992.

Bill and Ruth Winegar in 1992.

Ruth and Bill Winegar with first two children.

Ruth and Bill Winegar with first two children.

 

Newspaper article about Bill Winegar earning his wings.

Newspaper article about Bill Winegar earning his wings.

 

Bill's flying school graduation announcement

Bill's flying school graduation announcement

Bill Winegar and buddies mount up on camels.  Bill is 3rd from left.

Bill Winegar and buddies mount up on camels. Bill is 3rd from left.

 

Bill Winegar's High School class picture.  Bill is far left in 3rd row.

Bill Winegar's High School class picture. Bill is far left in 3rd row.

 

Bill's 4H Club woodworking class.  Bill is 4th from left.

Bill's 4H Club woodworking class. Bill is 4th from left.

Young Bill Winegar

Young Bill Winegar


Children of Edwin Ashbel and Myrtie Winegar: Esther

September 8, 2009

 

Esther and Clarence Kirkpatrick

Esther and Clarence Kirkpatrick

Today, I continue with photos  of the children of Edwin Ashbel and Myrtie Winegar.  The photos come from my father, Don Winegar’s collection.  I don’t have a great deal of information about my aunts and uncles but I hope at a later date to have some of my cousins write a short biography of their parents.

Esther Alta Winegar was born in 1906 and died in 1993.  She married Clarence Kirkpatrick in 1941.

 

Esther Winegar, about one year old.

Esther Winegar, about one year old.

 

Esther Winegar, age 4.

Esther Winegar, age 4.

Esther Winegar, July 1941.

Esther Winegar, July 1941.

Esther and Clarence's wedding.  Esther's parents Myrtie and Edd Winegar are on the right.  The man is unknown, perhaps the minister.

Esther and Clarence's wedding. Esther's parents Myrtie and Edd Winegar are on the right. The man is unknown, perhaps the minister.


Winegars in the 1900s

July 21, 2009

 

Edwin Ashbel Winegar, 1873-1946

Edd and Myrtie Winegar on their wedding day.

Edd and Myrtie Winegar on their wedding day.

Edwin Ashbel was born in Vergennes Township, near Lowell, Michigan.  In 1879, his father, Ashbel, died leaving his mother, Mary Rease Roberts, with four young sons and no one to help raise them.  In 1883, she moved back to New York to live with her sister.  She died in 1889.

The next record we have of is of Edwin aged 16 and his younger brother Ira age 14, living in Clinton County, Michigan with a Howe family.  According to Howe records, the boys were orphaned and found shelter in an unused shack.  Fred Howe felt this was not a proper place for the young boys and took Edd in.  Ira went to live with Fred’s brother Rozelle.  Edd worked for room, board and school and became a member of the family.  A young son of the Howe’s reports on how he cried when he learned that Edd was not his brother.  Edd stayed with the Howe family until he was ready to attend Michigan Agricultural College and learn the dairy business.

The Howe home was not far from the Edward W. Stephenson farm and he became acquainted with the Stephenson sisters, Bertha and Myrtie.  At first, he courted Bertha until Myrtie was old enough to date.  He and Myrtie were married in 1900 at the bride’s home.

Edd worked for a short time in a creamery then worked on a farm until he could afford to buy his own.  He purchased a small farm in Wacousta, a small town of 150 inhabitants.  Across the street was a creamery, and he ran that as well as farming.  The house they lived in had been built by Nathaniel Irish Daniells, the great, great, grandfather of Mary Winegar whom Donald Winegar would later marry.  N.I. Daniells had his office as Justice of the Peace in the house.  Demand for the creamery fell off, and Edd turned to farming full time.

Edd’s son Donald Winegar writes:

Dad had a very good mind and was a great reader, always trying to improve his knowledge.  He worked hard and faithfully.  He was honest as the day was long.  I never heard my father swear or say anything that could not be used in mixed company.  His favorite expression when perplexed or exasperated was ‘Oh, Shaw.’‘

But for all his goodness, he had one failing.  He was not a good manager, nor was he of mechanical mind, both qualities that a farmer should possess.  He ‘toggled up’ machinery, harnesses, buildings and the like.  Many people who knew him best, said he was out of his element as a farmer.  He should have been a teacher, for he was a good one.  But this I can say for him, in spite of his inadequacies, he kept on keeping on.  He didn’t give his children property nor money; he gave them the legacy of a good name.

Dad was a Christian.  From earliest memory, he was faithful in things of his faith.  He was a good churchman.  He was faithful in attendance and in giving.  He lived his faith seven days a week.

For several years, Dad was postmaster of the little community of Wacousta.  Progress dictated, however, that the post office be eliminated and the people of Wacousta put on rural routes.  I can still remember people coming to the office, which was in a small room in the southeast corner of the house.

Dad wanted his children to have a high school education.  Because Wacousta had only a ten grade school, this meant that the other two years had to be gotten elsewhere.  This took money, in fact more money than dad and mother could afford.  But they managed by paying for their children’s education rather than paying off the mortgage on the farm.

After my grandfather, E. W. Stephenson, died in 1931, his farm was divided between his two daughters, and as one part of the farm had a tenant house, my folks fixed up the old house and moved in.  The old farm in Wacousta was allowed to go for its mortgage.  The man who took over the mortgage discovered he had gravel on the property. Dad had made tests before but not at the right locations.  The first year the pit was in operation, the owner realized $6000 in profit.  But such is life!

Edd continued to farm until age 72 when he had to retire because of illness.  He died of cancer of the stomach in 1946.

 

Myrtie Louisa Stephenson, 1880-1954

Edd and Myrtie Winegar in later years.

Edd and Myrtie Winegar in later years.

Myrtie was born in Wacousta in 1880.  She and her sister Bertha were very close and remained so for all of their lives.  According to Donald Winegar, she and her husband rarely spoke of their early life, and he knew very little of their past.  Myrtie had rheumatic fever as a child and was left with a bad heart.  She could do a lot of work but occasionally had to rest her heart.  During those times, the children had to help with all the heavy work.  Donald remembers that his work included churning butter and pumping the washing machine in the back room.

Donald writes:

In many ways, it was a hard life for my mother.  Money was always scarce and she rarely spent money for clothes for herself.  Things for the home to make her work easier had to pushed aside until another time.  She, too, was determined that her children should have a high school education, something she did not have.  For years, she dreamed that things would be better someday.

Through it all, she was sustained by her Christian faith.  She tried to be a good mother.  She wanted her children to have the best possible life.”

When mother and Dad decided to move to the new location, give up the mortgage on the Wacousta farm, and start again free and clear of debt, they fell to with a will, making the house liveable and the barn ready for horses, cows and chickens. I  don’t know when I ever saw her as happy and carefree.  At last, they had a place which belonged to them.  She took delight in making plans for the days to come.  She sang at her work and seemed to take a whole new lease on life.

When Edd died in 1946, Myrtie lived with her children for a number of years.  Ill health and the fact that she could not bear the confusion of her grandchildren any more led her to enter Clark Home in Grand Rapids, Michigan in 1953.  She died the following year of hardening of the arteries of the brain.

Myrtie had a hard life.  Donald Winegar ends his biography of his mother with the following:

 They are born; they live,

They struggle; they die.

But this in no way fills in the chinks of life — its dreams, its hopes, its failings, its joys and its sorrows.  What mortal can know what it means to live, to struggle, and to die?  But we believe that God knows and remembers.  Praise be to God!  Amen.

Edd and Myrtie Winegar had six children.  Nina Irene died of tuberculosis shortly before she would have graduated from Michigan State.  Mary Louise died in infancy.  Other children were Esther Alta, Donald Stephenson (my father), William Edwin Ashbel, and Paul Ray.  Below is one of the few pictures ever made of the entire family.

The Edd Winegar Family, from left to right: Edd, Bill, Myrtie, Paul, Nina, Esther, and Donald.

The Edd Winegar Family, from left to right: Edd, Bill, Myrtie, Paul, Nina, Esther, and Donald.


Family Weddings in the 1900s

July 19, 2009

 

In the post “Coming to Wacousta,” I set out to trace the path of the families of my grandparents from Europe to Wacousta, Michigan.  By the time of the Civil War, all four families — the Blisses, the Daniells, the Stephensons, and the Winegars — were situated in Clinton County, Michigan.  In the 1900s, the families merge.  Following are pictures from the weddings.

Edd Ashbel Winegar marries Myrtie Stephenson in 1900 at the Stephenson home.

Edd Ashbel Winegar marries Myrtie Stephenson in 1900 at the Stephenson home.

W.C. Daniells and Iva Bliss marry in 1907 at the Bliss house, the Pivot.

W.C. Daniells and Iva Bliss marry in 1907 at the Bliss house, the Pivot.

Donald Stephenson Winegar marries Mary Deone Daniells in 1937 at the Pivot.

Donald Stephenson Winegar marries Mary Deone Daniells in 1937 at the Pivot.

Other Daniells Weddings

Iva Georgene "Jean" Daniells marries Don Lowell in 1942 at the Pivot.

Iva Georgene "Jean" Daniells marries Don Lowell in 1942 at the Pivot.

Dora Katherine Daniells marries John Panchik in 1950 at the Pivot.

Dora Katherine Daniells marries John Panchik in 1950 at the Pivot.

Other Winegar Weddings

Esther Alta Winegar marries Clarence Kirkpatrick in 1941

Esther Alta Winegar marries Clarence Kirkpatrick in 1941 in Eagle Twp, Michigan.

Paul Ray Winegar marries Mary Margaret Biergans in 1947.

Paul Ray Winegar marries Mary Margaret Biergans in 1947 in Grand Ledge, Michigan.

 

Bill and Ruth Winegar married 1942.

Bill and Ruth Winegar married in 1942.

A fire destroyed the original Pivot in 1911 after W.C. Daniells and Iva Bliss married.  Subsequent Pivot weddings were at the home that was rebuilt by Herman Sidney Bliss.  A description of the fire, written by Bel Gensterblum, will be in the next post. The rebuilt Pivot is currently owned by Tom Lowell, a Bliss-Daniells descendant.


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