Garrett Winegar (1702-1756)
Garrett Winegar, the only son of Ulrich and Anna, was born in Germany in 1702. He traveled with his family to New York, lived 14 years in the East Camp previously described, and then settled in Amenia in 1724. He was naturalized in 1716 under the name of Hans Gerhard Weyniger. He married Catherine Snyder, another Palatine immigrant, in about 1725. Garrett had 14 children, nine boys and 5 girls. Our ancestor is Ulrich(3).
Garrett is frequently referred to as Captain Winegar and probably served in the British Army. He was confirmed Ensign of the South Company of the Train Band of Sharon Connecticut in May, 1745, and Captain of the same in October, 1747. In about 1739, he purchased 300-400 acres in Sharon, Connecticut, and built a grist mill. This was the first mill in the area and ground grain that the settlers ate. He held a number of positions in the community and was considered intelligent and well educated, mostly in German. He was very friendly with the Indians, by whom he was regarded with greatest respect and many times defended them against the injustice of his white neighbors. In his death, he charged his children to never allow an Indian to go from their door in want of food. He died of Bilious Cholic at the age of 54 and was buried with his parents in the Amenia Cemetery.
One of Garrett’s sons Hendrick built a mansion in Amenia in 1761. It became know in the area as the Winegar House and survived until about 2000 when it collapsed under a load of snow. An effort by Winegar descendants to raise money to preserve it was unsuccessful. The pictures below show the house as it was before and after the collapse.
Garrett owned one slave named Tom. In his will he referred to Tom as “a faithful and good tenant my will is that when he is unable for service he shall be maintained out of my estate comfortable as long as he shall live and not be sold out of my family nor from this house if any of my family living there.” In the 1790 census his son Conrad is showed owning one slave. This is 35 years after Garrett’s death and may or may not be the same man. No other records I have seen show slave holding among the Winegars.
Dr. Thomas Young
Thomas Young practiced medicine in the Oblong (Amenia) for 11 years. At one time he lived in Garrett’s home and met Garrett’s daughter Mary, whom he later married. While living in Amenia, Young became friends with Ethan Allen. He became convinced that Dutchess County was not doing enough to stop the British from interfering in colonial affairs. He moved to Albany and actively opposed the operation of the Stamp Act and then moved to Boston. As war approached he became a member of the Committee of Correspondence. Other than Samuel Adams, he was the most active member. He spoke at the Old South Meeting House on December 16, 1773 a few hours before the tea was thrown overboard. Young was the only member of the Boston Tea Party who was not disguised as an Indian.
When friends learned of an attempt to kidnap Young and take him to England to be tried for treason, he escaped to Philadelphia where his family joined him. Here he became secretary of the Whig Society and associated with a small group of radicals who with the counsel of Benjamin Franklin framed the constitution of Pennsylvania. He died in 1777 from an illness contracted while caring for wounded and sick soldiers.
Thomas Young is credited with naming the state of Vermont, as well as Amenia.
After her husbands death, Mary Winegar disposed of her property and took most of her pay in Continental currency, which became worthless, and she became penniless. This was a common occurrence among several of our ancestors.
Ulrich Winegar (3) (1729-1812)
Ulrich was the third son of Garrett. He married Anna Nase about 1748. Possibly because of a conflict with his brothers, he built his own grist mill about a mile northof the one built by his father. He was not very successful in business and was frequently quite poor. At times he was supported by his son Ashbel (our Ancestor).
Ulrich served as a Sergeant in the French and Indian War. He and Anna had 5 sons and two daughters. His wife died, and he remarried Sarah Tolles. It is interesting to note that Sarah is a direct descendent of Roger Alling, a Bliss ancestor. He died in 1712 in Nassau, Rensselaer Co., New York at the home of Ulrich (5), his grandson.
Ashbel(4) Winegar (1754-1809)
Ashbel, a house carpenter, was born in Amenia. He married Elizabeth Carr and had nine children, Ulrich (5) being our ancestor. He served in the Revolutionary War in both the 6th Regiment, Dutchess County Militia and in the 4thRegiment, Albany County Militia. He is in the 4th Regiment records as Ashbel Vinigar. Dutchess County was very important to the revolutionary effort. It is located on the Hudson River, which was the main route between British forces in Canada and in New York City. Whoever controlled the river had a major advantage. Those living in the county had to take a loyalty oath to either the Brittish or the Colonials. The population was divided with approximately one-third supporting the British. James Fennimore Cooper’s novel, The Spy was set in this area and time.